Mediterranean forest simulation


Being able to anticipate the impact of global change on ecosystems is one of the major environmental challenges in contemporary societies. However, uncertainties in how ecological systems function and practical constraints in how to integrate available information prevent the development of robust and reliable predictive models. Despite the amount of knowledge accumulated about the functioning and dynamics of Mediterranean ecosystems, the scientists should make coordinate their efforts to address the challenge of integrating the different global change drivers in a modelling framework useful for research and applications.


MEDFATE is a long-term initiative whose main aim of is to stimulate the coordinated development of a landscape simulation model to predict the integrated effects of climatic (i.e. wildfires and severe drought) and anthropogenic (i.e. forest management) drivers on the structure and composition Mediterranean forests at the landscape to regional level.

Researchers involved

An interdisciplinary group of experts advises model developments at different stages:

Miquel De Cáceres (CTFC/CREAF), Antoine Cabon (CTFC/CREAF), Lluís Brotons (CTFC/CREAF/CSIC), Jordi Martínez Vilalta (UAB/CREAF), Lluís Coll (CTFC/UdL), Juli G. Pausas (CIDE-CSIC), Pere Casals (CTFC), Pilar Llorens (IDAEA-CSIC), Rafael Poyatos (CREAF), Albert Álvarez (CREAF), Jordi Vayreda (CREAF), Mario Beltrán (CTFC), Maurizio Mencuccini (ICREA/CREAF), Nicolas Martin-StPaul (INRA)

  • De Cáceres M, Martínez-Vilalta J, Coll L, Llorens P, Casals P, Poyatos R, Pausas JG, Brotons L (2015) Coupling a water balance model with forest inventory data to predict drought stress: the role of forest structural changes vs. climate changes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 213: 77-90 (
  • Cabon A, Martínez-Vilalta J, Martínez-de-Aragón J, De Cáceres M (2018) Applying the eco-hydrological equilibrium hypothesis to model root distribution in water-limited forests. Ecohydrology 11: e2015 (
  • De Cáceres M, Mencuccini M, Martin-StPaul N, Limousin JM, Coll L, Poyatos R, Cabon A, Granda V, Forner A, Valladares F, Martínez-Vilalta J. (2021) Unravelling the effect of species mixing on water use and drought stress in Mediterranean forests: a modelling approach. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 296 (
  • Karavani A, De Cáceres M, Martínez de Aragón J, Bonet JA, de-Miguel S (2018) Effect of climatic and soil moisture on mushroom productivity and related ecosystem services in Mediterranean pine stands facing climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 248:432–440 (
  • Ameztegui A, Cabon A, De Cáceres M, Coll L (2017). Managing stand density to enhance the adaptability of Scots pine stands to climate change: A modelling approach. Ecological Modelling 356:141–150 (